A Null Hypothesis For CO2

R. Clark Docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OAR-2009-0171 6/17/09 Roy Clark Thousand Oaks Summary The energy transfer processes that occur at the Earth’s surface are examined from first principles. The effect of small changes in the solar constant caused by variations in the sunspot cycles and small increases in downward long wave infrared flux due to a 100 ppm increase in atmospheric CO2 concentration on surface temperature are considered in detail. The changes in the solar constant are sufficient to change ocean temperatures and alter the Earth’s climate. The effects on surface temperature of small increases in downward LWIR flux are too …

Global Warming: Correlation Between Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Concentration and Temperature

Karl Glaser, Roche Colorado Corporation. Boulder, Colorado ABSTRACT The correlation between atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration and surface temperature was determined at various locations, using published data from the Goddard Institute of Space Studies and the Scripps Institute of Oceanography. Significant correlations were seen, with a lag of approximately 45 – 60 years between the rise in temperature and the rise in carbon dioxide concentration.

A comparison of bioclimatic conditions on Franz Josef Land (the Arctic) between the turn of the nineteenth to twentieth century and present day

Andrzej Araźny, Przemysław Wyszyński, Rajmund Przybylak First Online: 10 January 2019 Abstract The paper presents the variability of meteorological conditions: air temperature, wind speed and relative air humidity; and biometeorological indices: wind chill temperature, predicted clothing insulation and accepted level of physical activity on Franz Josef Land (in Teplitz Bay and Calm Bay) in the years 1899–1931. It employs meteorological measurements taken during four scientific expeditions to the study area. The analysis mainly covered the period October–April, for which the most complete data set is available. For that period of the year, which includes the part of the year with …

Quantum Mechanics and Raman Spectroscopy Refute Greenhouse Theory

Blair D. Macdonald First Published: 2018-10-13 Update 2019-02-12 Abstract One of greenhouse theory’s key premises – N2 and O2 are not greenhouse gases as they do not emit and absorb infrared radiation – presents a paradox; it contradicts both quantum mechanics and thermodynamics – where all matter above absolute zero Kelvin radiates IR photons. It was hypothesised: these gases do radiate IR photons at quantum mechanics predicted spectra, and these spectra are observed by IR spectroscopy’s complement instrument, Raman Spectroscopy; and N2 spectra can be demonstrated to absorb IR radiation by experiment and application of the N2-CO2 laser. It was …

The United (Socialist ) Nations – Progress on Global Governance, via Climate Change , Sustainable Development and Bio-diversity

SPPI Original Paper by Dennis Ambler | February 17, 2011 Whilst the continual scientific rebuttals of the climate reports produced by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) may make many people think that this charade cannot continue much longer, behind the scenes it is quite irrelevant; the long-term process marches relentlessly on as if there had never been any challenges at all. As the advocates throw in yet more spurious claims of the “hottest year on record”, or record cold caused by CO 2 emissions, they occupy the debate, and determine the daily agenda in the media, whilst those …

Science or Science Fiction? Professionals’ Discursive Construction of Climate Change

Lianne M. Lefsrud, Renate E. Meyer First Published November 19, 2012 Research Article https://doi.org/10.1177/0170840612463317 Abstract This paper examines the framings and identity work associated with professionals’ discursive construction of climate change science, their legitimation of themselves as experts on ‘the truth’, and their attitudes towards regulatory measures. Drawing from survey responses of 1077 professional engineers and geoscientists, we reconstruct their framings of the issue and knowledge claims to position themselves within their organizational and their professional institutions. In understanding the struggle over what constitutes and legitimizes expertise, we make apparent the heterogeneity of claims, legitimation strategies, and use of emotionality …

Note on the Theory of the Greenhouse

PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE AND JOURNAL OF SCIENCE VOL. XVII.—SIXTH SERIES. JANUARY—JUNE 1909. [Page 319] By Professor R. W. Wood THERE appears to be a widespread belief that the comparatively high temperature produced within a closed space covered with glass, and exposed to solar radiation, results from a transformation of wave-length, that is, that the heat waves from the sun, which are able to penetrate the glass, fall upon the walls of the enclosure and raise its temperature : the heat energy is re-emitted by the walls in the form of much longer waves, which are unable to penetrate the glass, the …

The phase relations among atmospheric CO2 content, temperature and global ice volume over the past 420 ka

Quaternary Science Reviews 20 (2001) 583}589 Manfred Mudelsee Institute of Meteorology, University of Leipzig, Stephanstr. 3, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany Abstract The phase relations (leads/lags) among atmospheric CO2 content, temperature and global ice volume are key to understanding the causes of glacial-interglacial (G-IG) climate transitions. Comparing the CO2​ record with other proxy variables from the Vostok ice core and stacked marine oxygen isotope records, allows the phase relations among these variables, over the last four G-IG cycles, to be estimated. Lagged, generalized least-squares regression provides an efficient and precise technique for this estimation. Bootstrap resampling allows account to be taken of …

Climate Impact of Increasing Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide

Science 28 August 1981, Volume 213, Number 4511 J. Hansen, D. Johnson, A. Lacis, S. Lebedeff, P. Lee, D. Rind, G. Russell Summary. The global temperature rose by 0.20C between the middle 1960’s and 1980, yielding a warming of 0.4°C in the past century. This temperature increase is consistent with the calculated greenhouse effect due to measured increases of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Variations of volcanic aerosols and possibly solar luminosity appear to be primary causes of observed fluctuations about the mean trend of increasing temperature. It is shown that the anthropogenic carbon dioxide warming should emerge from the noise level …

The Relationship between Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Concentration and Global Temperature for the Last 425 Million Years

MDPI climate W. Jackson Davis Received: 8 August 2017 / Revised: 15 September 2017 / Accepted: 22 September 2017 / Published: 29 September 2017 Abstract Assessing human impacts on climate and biodiversity requires an understanding of the relationship between the concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the Earth’s atmosphere and global temperature (T). Here I explore this relationship empirically using comprehensive, recently-compiled databases of stable-isotope proxies from the Phanerozoic Eon (~540 million years before the present) and through complementary modeling using the atmospheric absorption/transmittance code MODTRAN. Atmospheric CO2 concentration is correlated weakly but negatively with linearly-detrended T proxies over the …